Good photographers try to compose their pictures in the most effective way. They do this through emphasis. With emphasis, the artist tells your eyes where to look. The photographer uses a contrast between light and darkness, focus and positioning of objects to give them emphasis. Emphasis can help create the mood of the picture as well. For example, if the photographer keeps his subjects in the shadows, it can create a gloomy mood. If he or she sets them in the light, the mood is happier. Ask learners to analyze the photos on the handout to determine how the artist used emphasis.
Mood is another way that photographers try to get their point across. Photographers use lighting and colour to create a certain kind of mood. What is meant by warm and cool colours? If you wanted to make a scene appear vibrant and energetic, what colours would you emphasize in your photograph? Ask learners to fill in the chart on the handout. What mood does each colour create?
Point of view is the position from which you observe or consider something. It is the angle at which the picture is taken. You can take photos from a child’s point of view, a tall person’s point of view, from different angles or at eye level. Point of view offers clues as to the visual artist’s tone or attitude toward his subject. For example, if a photographer shoots a subject from below, he may create the image of importance and power. If he shoots a picture from eye level, it becomes familiar and comfortable. It is how we are used to seeing things. If he shoots from above, it could appear small and vulnerable.